POWER OF THE TERROIR
Our wines testify of the unique Montenegrin area, located among the Adriatic sea and Lake Skadar and high mountains in the hinterland, the location that provides conditions for the creation of authentic, unique and opulent wines.
There is about 4.300 ha of vineyards in Montenegro, 2.310 ha in the ownership of the company 13 jul-Plantaže, the leader in the production of grapes and wine in the region. The wine grape varieties prevail in Montenegro (90%), the varieties for fresh consumption (10%). As for the varieties for the production of red wines(70%), the autochtonous varieties Vranac and Kratošija (Zinfandel) dominate and the introduced varieties are the following: Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Syrah, Grenache. Among the varieties, used for the production of the white wines (20%) the autochtonous grape varieties Krstač and Žižak dominate and the introduced varieties are the following: Chardonnay, Rkaciteli, Sauvignon, Pinot Blanc. The main varieties (10%) are the following: Cardinal (prevailing), Alfonso Lavalle (Ribier), Muscat Italia, Victoria.
Climatic, land and topographic situation of the south of Montenegro, Lake Skadar basin and the Adriatic coast make two entities, defined as two regions in which the grapevines have been grown:
Montenegrin basin of the lake of Skadar (subregions: Podgorica, Crmnica, Rijeka, Bjelopavlići and Katun)
Montenegrin coast (subregions: Bay of Kotor, Budva-Bar, Ulcinj, Grahovo-Nudol)
They stretch between 41 ̊ 50’’ and 42̊ 50’’ of the northern geographic longitude which covers the zone of the influence of the Mediterranean climate up to 600 m altitude in the narrow strip and up to 500 m altitude in the basin of Lake Skadar. Montenegrin basin of Lake Skadar include basin of Lake Skadar and narrow valleys of confluences, lakes with the hills of the surrounding calcareous massifs up to 500 m altitude. This region is characterized by the Mediterranean climate, modified by the influence of the edge high mountains and it represents the most important viticultural potential in Montenegro.
Montenegrin viticultural area, in wider context, is located in the southernmost part of the Adriatic coast, so the vicinity of the sea, 30 km only far away, determines the micro climate of our vineyards, because the influence of the Adriatic climate covers the valley of the Bojana river to Podgorica, in the vicinity of which our vineyards in the Ćemovsko polje are situated.
The average altitude of the vineyards in Ćemovsko polje is 44.5m. The soil is skeletal with over 95% limestone conglomerates and 5% is the fine soil. The amount of the precipitation is 1600 ml of water residue monthly.In the vegetation stage (8 months), the sun shines 10-12 hours daily in Podgorica. The vineyards of Ćemovsko polje, established on the shallow, skeletal soils, with over 2.500 hours of sunshine annually, give the grapes of premium quality with the balanced ratio between sugar and acids, processed by the modern technology in the premium quality wine.